> Historical résumé > Conflict events > Chronological list of events > War statistics
A group of Argentinian scrap iron workers working in South Georgia is escorted by military people. The British protests are ignored.
The leader of the Argentinian military government decides to invade the Falkland Islands. The operation is named Operacion Rosario, under the command of Admiral Jorge Anaya.
The British government, warned of a possible invasion by the secret services diverts a nuclear submarine, cruising in the antarctic, towards the Falklands.
The Argentinian navy disembarks several thousand men onto the Falkland Islands. The garrison of Royal Marines puts up a courageous resistance but in vain. The governor, Rex Hunt, orders the marines to surrender and they are taken to Montevideo with the British governor.
The isles falls under the military administration of Argentina.
The Argentinian troops take South Georgia and the Sandwich Isles. General Mario Menendez is named governor of the Falklands. As predicted the Falklands conquest is very popular in Argentina.
Resolution 502 of the security council of the United Nations is voted demanding the immediate retreat of the Argentinians from the isles. The first British aircraft arrive at Ascension Island.
The main body of the British intervention force (aircraft carriers and troop carriers) leaves Portsmouth for the South Atlantic. This force has been assembled in less than 5 days and it will be joined by several units already at sea at the time of these events.
The British Minister of Defence announces that a total exclusion zone of 200 nautical miles radius is in vigour from now.
The American Secretary of State Alexander Haig begins a peace mission in England and then Argentina.
The destroyers Broadsword and Yarmouth leave Gibraltar.
Alexander Haig arrives in Buenos Aires.
The Canberra leaves Southampton with 2’000 men aboard.
The EEC approves a sanction against Argentina and decrees an embargo on imports coming from this country.
The first group of destroyers (Antrim) arrives at Ascension Island.
Alexander Haig returns to Washington.
The Argentinians reject the American project of provisional triple administration of the isles (American, Argentinian, British).
The main body of the Task Force leaves Ascension.
The landing strip on Ascension Island is the busiest in the world on this day.
Haig is back in Argentina, but after breakdown of talks, he returns to Washington on 19 April.
The Hermes aircraft carrier group leaves Ascension.
Six Victor tanker aircraft arrive at Ascension.
The Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the EEC give their support to London.
The Canberra arrives at Ascension.
The Antrim group begins reconnaissance around South Georgia.
General Galtieri makes a tour of inspection of the Falklands.
The British forces land in South Georgia. The Argentinian commander signs the unconditional surrender of his forces without a single shot being fired.
The Argentinian submarine Santa Fe is damaged by a helicopter.
The conference of South American countries recognises the sovereignty of Argentina on the Falklands, but recommends application of the United Nations resolution.
The hospital ship Uganda leaves Ascension for the Falklands.
The peace mission of the United States is officially over with America taking the side of Great Britain and giving them material aid as well as information collected by their military satellites. Military and economic aid to Argentina is suspended.
During a mission of 14’000 km a Vulcan bomber supported by 11 Victor tanker aircraft bombs the airport of Port Stanley at night.
The elite units of SAS and SBS land on the Falklands for observation missions.
First aerial battle: 3 Argentinian aircraft are destroyed without British loss.
The Argentinian cruiser Belgrano is sunk by torpedoes fired from the nuclear submarine HMS Conqueror. 368 Argentinian sailors are killed. Following this event, the Argentinian navy plays almost no further role in the conflict and its principal units stay in port.
A Russian spy ship is reported off Ascension.
Two Lynx helicopters of HMS Coventry and HMS Glasgow sink two Argentinian patrol ships.
The British destroyer Sheffield is destroyed by just one Exocet missile of French make. It will sink on the 10th May while being towed to South Georgia.
A Harrier is destroyed during an attack on Goose Green.
The peace proposals of Peru are unfruitful.
Great Britain extends the exclusion zone to 12 nautical miles from the coast of Argentina.
The Argentinian spy-trawler Narwal is sunk.
Positions around Stanley are bombed by the navy and Harriers.
The Argentinian supply ship Isla di los Estados is sunk by HMS Alacrity.
The HMS Uganda arrives in the Falklands and establishes a red-cross zone with the Argentinian hospital boat Bahia Paradisio.
The Q.E.2 leaves Southampton with the 5th Infantry Brigade on board. The British contingent on the way to the Falklands totals 10’000 men.
Four Argentinian Skyhawks are shot down in operation.
The HMS Glasgow is hit by a bomb which does not explode.
Three Argentinian Skyhawks are destroyed.
An SAS raid on Pebble Island results in the destruction of 11 Argentinian aircraft on the ground.
The bombing raids on military installations around Stanley continue and three Argentinian ships are hit.
Sanctions of the EEC against Argentina are prolonged for another week. Italy and Ireland lift their embargoes
Peace proposals of the Secretary General of the United Nations, Peres de Cuellard, are rejected by the British.
The British government gives its formal agreement to the landing on the Falklands.
A Sea King helicopter from HMS Invincible falls near Punta Arenas in Chile. The three members of the crew are sent home afterwards. It is very probable that this mission was destined to land special unit forces so that they might observe plane movements from the principal bases of the Argentinian aviation.
D-day. The British land several thousand men around San Carlos, 100 km west of Stanley.
40 Commando RM to San Carlos
45 Commando RM to Ajax Bay
2 PARA to Sussex Mountains
3 PARA to San Carlos Port
42 Commando RM in reserve
The British lose a Harrier, two Gazelle helicopters, the frigate Ardent and the destroyers Argonaut, Brillant, Broadsword and Antrim are damaged. The Antrim receives two unexploded bombs.
17 Argentinian aircraft and 4 helicopters are destroyed.
A country hospital is established at Ajax Bay.
The bridgehead is consolidated: 5’000 men are on land.
The frigate Antelope is seriously damaged and it will sink a bit later during an attempt to defuse an unexploded bomb.
A Harrier is lost at sea.
The Argentinians lose 8 aircraft.
Peace discussions at the United Nations Security Council are stopped.
The destroyer Coventry is sunk by 3 bombs of 500 kg.
The container carrier Atlantic Conveyor is sunk by an Exocet missile during an attack directed against the main group of the Task Force. 4 Chinook high-capacity helicopters are lost.
The Argentinians lose 5 aircraft.
The 25th May is the Argentinian national day.
The 2 PARA advance in the direction of Goose Green.
The conference of South American countries meets again.
17 of the 21 countries demand that the Americans stop their aid to Great Britain and invite the countries of OAS (Organisation of American States) to help Argentina.
The 263 survivors of HMS Sheffield arrive in Great Britain.
The land installations in San Carlos are attacked for the first time,
The Argentinians lose two aircraft.
The 2 PARA even though inferior in number (1 against 3) take Darwin and Goose Green after the longest and hardest battle of the conflict.
The battalion commander, Lieutenant-Colonel H.Jones is killed and he will later receive the Victoria Cross.
1’400 Argentinians are taken prisoner.
The marines continue their advance on Port Stanley, Douglas and Teal Inlet are taken.
Major General Moore arrives in the Falklands.
The British troops reach Mount Kent, 20 km from Stanley.
The Argentinian aviation loses two more Skyhawks during attacks on the British fleet.
Two Harriers fly directly from Ascension to the aircraft carrier Hermes on the edge of the combat zone, that's to say a flight of 6’000 km.
A Sea Harrier is shot down near Stanley.
Mrs. Thatcher offers a last chance to the Argentinians to retreat.
The Canberra arrives at San Carlos with the bulk of the British reinforcements.
The 2 PARA advance on Fitzroy and Bluff Cove.
The Versailles summit opens. Reagan proposes a 5 phase plan to the British.
A Vulcan bomber has to land in Brazil, following a technical problem between Ascension and Stanley during a bombing mission.
Great Britain imposes its veto against a cease-fire proposal of the Security Council of the United Nations.
The 42 Commando RM occupy Mount Challenger.
A British helicopter is accidentally shot down by friendly fire.
First visit to Montevideo of the ambulance boat HMS Hydra which takes on 51 wounded who will be taken by air back to the United Kingdom.
The Sir Galahad and Sir Tristram are bombed at Fitzroy and 50 British soldiers perish.
A landing craft of HMS Fearless is attacked by 4 Skyhawks, 3 Argentinian aircraft are destroyed by a Harrier patrol.
The HMS Plymouth is damaged by an air attack.
An observation patrol of the SAS is attacked during the only military action in the West Falklands.
The Q.E.2 arrives at Southampton carrying 700 survivors of British vessels sunk during operations.
The battle for positions overlooking Stanley begins.
The 3 PARA attack Mount Longdon. Taking the fortified Argentinian positions lasts more than 24 hours and ends with hand to hand fighting. The British lose 23 men and 47 are injured while the Argentinians lose 50 men. Sergeant Ian John Mc Kay will be awarded the Victoria Cross posthumously.
The 42 Commando RM attack Mount Harriet and the 45 Commando RM take Two Sisters with the support of the artillery and the frigate guns of the Royal Navy.
A house in the suburbs of Stanley is hit, by British fire and three civilians are killed, the only ones in the conflict.
The HMS Glanmorgan is hit by an Exocet fired from a coastal position near Stanley.
The 2 PARA attack Wireless Ridge.
The 2nd Bn Scots Guards take Tumbledown Mountain, 9 British and 32 Argentinians lose their lives.
The 1/7 Gurkhas prepare to attack Mount William.
Stanley is completely surrounded.
The Argentinian forces surrender. 10’254 Argentinians are taken prisoner. The Argentinian commander signs the surrender of his forces.
British sovereignty is restored to the whole territory of the Falklands.
General Galtieri resigns from his position as head of state and the army. He is replaced by General Bignone.
The Canberra and Nordland leave for Puerto Madryn to take home more than 8’000 Argentinian prisoners.
The end of hostilities is officially declared by the British.
The sanctions of the EEC against Argentina are lifted in spite of the opposition of London.
The new Argentinian president officially announces the installation of a cease-fire.
The main body of British forces embark on the Canberra for the return to the United Kingdom.